Washington, D.C. – The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is proposing a strategy for increasing the supply of renewable fuels to 36 billion gallons by 2022, as mandated by the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007.
“As we work towards energy independence, using more homegrown biofuels reduces our vulnerability to oil price spikes that everyone feels at the pump,” said EPA administrator Lisa Jackson. “Energy independence also puts billions of dollars back into our economy, creates green jobs, and protects the planet from climate change in the bargain.”
The Energy and Security Act will establish four categories of renewable fuels: cellulosic biofuels, biomass-based diesel, advanced biofuels, and total renewable fuel. In 2022, the proposal would require 16 billion gallons of cellulosic biofuels; 15 billion gallons annually of conventional biofuels; 4 billion gallons of advanced biofuels; and 1 billion gallons of biomass-based diesel.
The EPA will calculate a percentage-based standard that refiners, importers and blenders of gasoline and diesel must ensure is used in transportation fuel, in order to achieve the volume requirements. For the first time, some renewable fuels must achieve greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions comparable to the gasoline and diesel fuels they replace. Refiners must meet the requirements to receive credit toward meeting the new standards.
The thresholds for the new categories would be 20 per cent less GHG emissions for renewable fuels produced from new facilities, 50 per cent less for biomass-based diesel and advanced biofuels, and 60 per cent less for cellulosic biofuels. The EPA will also conduct peer-reviews on the lifecycle analysis of the four renewable fuel categories, which refers to the GHG emissions over the life of the fuels.