Cardiff, Wales – A new combustion technology that could result in more efficient and cleaner vehicles is being explored by researchers at Cardiff University in Wales.

The researchers, in collaboration with engineers at Brunel and Birmingham Universities, are investigating the feasibility of an onboard fuel reforming system to improve combustion and recover waste heat. The system will be based on the incorporation of a catalytic reactor in the exhaust to produce gas mixtures rich in nitrogen and hydrogen that can be fed back to the engine.

A new combustion technology that could allow vehicles to become more efficient and less polluting is being explored by the newly established Cardiff Catalysis Institute at the University. The team will study how the addition of these mixtures affects engine combustion, performance and emissions, and identify stable catalysts that will perform the reforming reaction. The research will focus initially on diesel engines, but the potential for gasoline engines will also be evaluated.

The project is one of the first undertaken by the new Cardiff Catalysis Institute, part of the University’s School of Chemistry. Officially launched earlier this month, the Institute aims to establish a centre of excellence for catalysis that builds upon the current strengths in research at Cardiff.

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