November 23, 2007
U.S. hydrogen research consortium to build relationship with Canadian universities
University Park, Pennsylvania – Researchers at Penn State University will lead a newly-established U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) consortium to investigate hydrogen production methods. The consortium anticipates that its activities will be part of the International Nuclear Energy Research Initiative, and that it will form a strong collaboration with Atomic Energy Canada Ltd. and a number of Canadian universities.
Other members of the three-year project, conducted under a US$2.4 million grant from DOE’s Nuclear Energy Research Initiative (NERI), include Argonne National Laboratory, the University of South Carolina and Tulane University.
One of the scopes of NERI is to develop a number of thermochemical cycles for producing hydrogen on a commercial scale through advanced nuclear energy systems. In a thermochemical cycle, water and heat are the input, hydrogen and oxygen are the only products, and all other chemicals are recycled. The objective of the consortium research is to establish the most efficient technologies for hydrogen production that are compatible with nuclear-generated heat sources.
“Energy dependence and the large increase in CO2 and other greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere are serious concerns today,” said Serguei Lvov, Penn State Professor of Energy and Mineral Engineering and director of the consortium. “Substituting hydrogen for fossil fuels and the use of electric power/heat from nuclear reactors rather than fossil fuels would increase energy independence and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.”