Brussels, Belgium – Toyota is very close to meeting a mandated 2015 target for CO2 emissions in Europe, while Daimler must make the most reductions overall to meet its targets among major auto manufacturers, according to data from the European Environmental Agency (EEA).
Almost all manufacturers must reduce their emissions to meet 2015 targets under European legislation for new passenger cars, based on average CO2 emissions for each manufacturer.
Road transport is responsible for 17.5 per cent of overall greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Europe, and its emissions increased by 23 per cent between 1990 and 2009. The average emissions level of a new car registered in the European Union in 2010 was 140.3 gCO2/km. Under new legislation, car manufacturers must achieve a target of 130 gCO2/km by 2015 as an average value for the fleet of new cars registered in the EU. This target will be gradually phased in from 2012.
Specific emissions targets are assigned to each car manufacturer, or pool of manufacturers, depending on the average mass of the fleet. Those that produce larger new cars, on average, have higher targets. Fines for failing to meet the target will be calculated on a progressive scale for each additional gram of CO2 above the target, multiplied by the number of cars sold.
The report found that 32 manufacturers, representing almost 80 per cent of 2010 registrations in the EU, already achieve their 2012 specific emissions targets two years in advance.
Toyota Motor Europe is already compliant with its 2012 target and is less than 1 gCO2/km from its 2015 target. Peugeot and Citroën are also close and need to cut their emissions by less than 5 gCO2/km to meet the 2015 target.
Among the larger manufacturers, Daimler, Honda, Nissan, General Motors, Mazda and Dacia will have to reduce their average fleet emissions by more than 14 gCO2/km over the next five years.
In addition to fines for not meeting mandates, the legislation includes incentives for reducing CO2 emissions, including super credits for low-emitting vehicles, and other credits for biofuels and certain efficiency measures. Manufacturers’ progress will be monitored each year by the European Commission and the EEA in order to track the performance against individual targets.