Detroit, Michigan – A new type of crash test dummy, the computer simulation Human Body Model (HBM), will soon be used alongside conventional dummies made of rubber and steel. The HBMs were created through the Global Human Body Models Consortium (GHBMC), established in 2006 by a joint venture of Chrysler, Ford, General Motors, Honda, Hyundai, Nissan, Renault, Peugeot-Citroën, Takata, Toyota and TRW Automotive Holdings.
The virtual HBMs are intended to help simulate human responses in automobile crashes, helping researchers better predict the effect of trauma on the body than has traditionally been able with crash test dummies. The HBMs will even contained detailed representation of the bones and soft tissues of the body, with special attention directed to those parts most frequently injured in vehicle crashes.
The mission of the GBHMC is to create the world’s most detailed computer models of the human body, and has selected six teams, made up of universities and research institutions from across the globe including the University of Waterloo in Ontario, to collaborate with each other and with GHBMC’s members on the project. This includes a full body integration centre, together with five region centres for the head, neck, thorax/upper extemities, abdomen, and pelvis/lower extremities.
Initially, the models will be of four different-sized individuals, two male and two female. Eventually, the GHBMC plans to create an extended family of virtual humans, from children to senior adults.