February 10, 2005
GM unveils industry-first dual depth frontal airbag
Chicago, Illinois – General Motors today introduced the industry’s first passenger-side frontal air bag that customizes restraint by deploying in two different sizes and at different pressures, depending on seat position, safety belt usage and crash severity.
GM’s dual depth air bag technology will debut on the 2006 Buick Lucerne and 2006 Cadillac DTS, which were unveiled at the Chicago Auto Show. Including the dual depth bag, six air bags are standard on each vehicle.
The dual depth air bag represents the next generation of air bag technology because of its potential to help restrain front-seat passengers in a greater variety of seating and crash situations. A conventional dual-stage air bag inflates to a single shape with different pressures.
“We cannot control where our customers will sit in our vehicles or every crash scenario they could encounter,” said Robert C. Lange, GM executive director, Structure and Safety Integration. “The dual depth air bag helps us tailor front passenger restraint based on the location of the passenger seat and the force of the crash,” he said.
“In addition, people should always wear safety belts because they help to keep them in the proper position if the air bag does inflate. And children under 12 should always be properly restrained in a rear seat,” Lange said.
The dual depth air bag deploys from the front passenger side within the instrument panel. When the small air bag is required, a tether holds the air bag back to the smaller size, and gas is vented from the module housing. For the larger air bag deployment, the tether is released, the module-housing vent is shut off, and the air bag is allowed to expand to its full size.
Advanced sensor technology is an integral part of GM’s dual depth air bag system. Using, among other indicators, a seat-position switch located in the seat track, the vehicle’s Sensing Diagnostic Module (SDM) takes only milliseconds to determine the shape of the air bag to deploy.
In addition to the industry debut of the dual depth air bag, both the Lucerne and DTS will feature GM’s front passenger occupant detection system, which disables the air bag if a child or smaller person is sensed sitting on the passenger seat.
Despite the evolution of advanced air bag systems, GM continues to recommend that children 12 and under ride in the rear seat, properly restrained.